Your copy editor

Edit button on keyboard

As your copy editor, I strive to help you present your work in the best way possible for your intended audience while also maintaining your meaning and your voice.

Nora K. Stoecker

Light copyediting

  • Editing for grammar, spelling, punctuation, conformance to required style guides
  • Ensuring consistency in all mechanical matters and checking for internal consistency of facts
  • Correlating parts of the document – checking contents page against chapters; checking numbering of footnotes or end notes; checking footnotes, end notes, or in-text citations against bibliography or reference lists, etc.
  • Pointing out any text, tables, or illustrations that may need permissions
  • Correcting all outright errors in grammar, syntax, and usage
  • Asking about statements that seem incorrect

Medium or heavy copyediting

All of the above, plus:

  • Correcting all errors in grammar, syntax, and usage, and possibly inappropriate usage as well
  • Pointing out or rewriting wordy or convoluted sections
  • Requesting or supplying definitions of terms that might be new to the intended audience
  • Attempting to verify and revise incorrect facts
  • Asking about or revising faulty organization or gaps in logic

Citation verification

  • Verifying that citations are complete and that they adhere to the required or preferred style guide
  • Finding and adding full citations when needed


  • Checking accuracy of facts, names, dates, URLs, and other data, using sources cited by the author, or other relevant sources

Updated August 30, 2014

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